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China’s Digital Currency Craze : Why Chinese Love Bitcoin

The value of digital currency Bitcoin has exploded. Why? A growing demand from China. This article explains China’s love for Bitcoins.

Manya Koetse

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The end of 2013 has been a wild time for Bitcoin. 2013 has already been an explosive year for the crypto-currency, as it has risen some 5000% in US dollar terms. By November, the currency topped 1200 American dollars. What explains the enormous rise of the Bitcoin in China?

The global interest in the ‘Bitcoin phenomenon’ has created a sheer mania and growing market for digital currencies. The FBI’s   seizure of drug website Silk Road, involving a substantial amount of Bitcoin holdings, created a reduced supply that might correlate with plummeting rates (O’Brien 2013). But one factor plays an enormous role in the rise of the Bitcoin: the increasing demand from China.

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As of November 2013, China-based ‘BTC China’ has become the world’s biggest Bitcoin exchange. China currently accounts for 62% of the global market in the digital currency (Sina 2013; Rabinovitch 2013; Wood 2013). Netizens feverishly speculate about present Bitcoin values and its future. But it is not just the Bitcoin (Chinese: bitebi 比特币) that has become a hot topic, other digital currencies such as Litecoin (laitebi 莱特币), Primecoin (zhishubi 质数币) or Beaocoin (biaobi 比奥币) have also become important players. The value of Bitcoin’s runner-up Litecoin has gone up 400% within one week (Sina 2013). Chinese online retailers have begun to accept Bitcoins as a way to pay, along with some Beijing coffeeshops and a Shanghai real estate developer (Chang 2013).

Although ‘Bitcoin’ has become a trending word everywhere over the Internet, the phenomenon remains a mystery to many. A short introduction: the Bitcoin was invented by the mysterious hacker Satoshi Nakamoto, who was never identified and remains untraceable up to this day. Nakamoto released a manuscript about the Bitcoin in 2008. The Bitcoin basically is a software-created encrypted code of 31 lines. During the course of twenty years, a total of 21 million Bitcoins will be released. As explained by Davis (2011): “(..) every ten minutes or so, coins would be distributed through a process that resembled a lottery. Miners -people seeking the coins- would play the lottery again and again; the fastest computer would win the most money”. Since Bitcoin relies on a peer-to-peer network, where every transaction is verified and authorized, one coin cannot be spend by the same ‘sender’ for a second time (Davis 2011; Babaioff et al 2011). *Want more clarification? Scroll down to the bottom of this article.

China has had a number of investment manias over the last few years, including stocks, real estate, and even tea leaves (Rabinovitch 2013). Why have the Bitcoin and its virtual counterparts become such a craze in China, when, as Alex Hein (2013) points out, there is “no fundamental reason why Bitcoin should have any value at all”?. As Hein says: “The only reason people are willing to pay money for the currency is because other people are willing to as well.” What’s on Weibo gives an overview of possible reasons why the Bitcoin has become such a hit within China.

Chinese netizens know digital currency

Although the Bitcoin was a novelty for many, Chinese netizens were already quite familiar with its concept. Chinese internet company Tencent launched its ‘Q Coin’ (Qbi, Q币) during the mid 2000s. This virtual currency became a huge success; it was soon traded for real money and became accepted in shops. At a certain point it had grown to approximately 13% of Chinese cash economy. Eventually Tencent had to constraint the currency under governmental pressure (Xu 2007; Chang 2013). With a history of virtual currency, one could arguably say that Chinese investors were less hesitant to purchase Bitcoins than, for example, their European counterparts. After all, the concept behind it was not so new to them, and the arrival of Bitcoin filled the gap that was created by the Q Coin.

Bitcoin is beyond government control

The Bitcoin is a decentralized monetary system. There is no government involved, nor any bank, and it can be used anonymously like the cash from your wallet. This is one of the reasons why Bitcoin is especially appealing to Chinese investors, as China’s government has strict control of capital and keeps a tight rein on the yuan. As described by Julia Woods (2013): “(..) the flock of funds into Bitcoin may be less a vote of confidence in digital currencies than a no confidence vote for the yuan.” No matter how unsure the future of Bitcoin might be, many Chinese investors would rather invest in the virtual currency than put their trust in the yuan. But the idea goes beyond financial matters. Bitcoin represents a democratisation of currency; an idea of self-government. As one Weibo commenter says: “The Bitcoin players are not just a group of investors, they are a group of revolutionaries, who believe in decentralization and freedom of currency.”

The Chinese love to gamble

Although gambling is technically illegal in Mainland China, Chinese people have since long been known for their love of gambling. Some even argue that gambling originates from China. After bans on gambling during the Mao era, it became enormously popular in the 1980s until the government officially prohibited it again (Kalenyuk 2013). Nowadays, many Chinese participate in unofficial lotteries or are involved in gambling through card games and mahjong on street corners. Investing in the Bitcoin or its counterparts brings gambling to the next level; netizens on Weibo even refer to Bitcoin-buyers as ‘players’ (wanjia 玩家). How long the ‘game’ will last depends on authorities; China’s government has issued rules in 2009 that prohibit the use of digital currency in the real economy. Although Chinese law thus forbids the use of virtual currency, people are still free to participate in the Bitcoin market (Chang 2013). It is unknown whether the government will eventually impose sanctions on the acquirement or possession of Bitcoins. From this perspective, the investment in Bitcoins and its counterparts is yet another gamble for Chinese ‘players’.

 

List of Virtual Currencies

比特币 (bitebi) – Bitcoin

莱特币 (laitebi) – Litecoin

质数币 (zhishubi) – Primecoin

比奥币 (biaobi) – Beaocoin

安全币 (anquanbi) – Securecoin

阿侬币 (anongbi) – ANC

点点币 (diandianbi) – PeerCoin

美卡币 (meikabi)- MegaCoin

新星币 (xinxingbi) – Novacoin

大地币 (dadibi) – Terracoin

羽毛币 (yumaobi)- Feathercoin

手工币 (shougongbi) – Craftcoin

雅币 (yabi) – Yacoin

名币 (mingbi) – Namecoin

时代币 (shidaibi) – Timescoin/TMC

 

References

Babaioff, Moshe, Shahar Dobzinski, Sigal Oren and Aviv Zohar. 2011. “On Bitcoins and Red Balloons.” Microsoft Research Silicon Valley (Nov 14): 1-16.

Chang. Gordon. 2013. “A China Triangle: Bitcoin, Baidu And Beijing.” Forbes (Nov 24). http://www.forbes.com/sites/gordonchang/2013/11/24/a-china-triangle-bitcoin-baidu-and-beijing/

Davis, Joshua. 2011. “The Crypto-Currency.” New Yorker 87(31): 62-70.

Hern, Alex. 2013. “Is Bitcoin about to change the world?” The Guardian (Nov 25). http://www.theguardian.com/technology/2013/nov/25/is-bitcoin-about-to-change-the-world-peer-to-peer-cryptocurrency-virtual-wallet

Kalenyuk, Mary. 2013. “The Bets are on for Gambling in China.” The World of Chinese (Nov 7). http://www.theworldofchinese.com/2013/11/the-bets-are-on-for-gambling-in-china/

O’Brien, Matthew. 2013. “Bitcoin Is the Segway of Currency.” The Atlantic (Nov 21). http://www.theatlantic.com/business/archive/2013/11/bitcoin-is-the-segway-of-currency/281625/

Rabinovitch, Simon. 2013. “China rides rollercoaster love affair with Bitcoin.” Financial Times (Nov 22). http://www.ft.com/intl/cms/s/0/0a5fae82-5341-11e3-9250-00144feabdc0.html#axzz2lxYhyCf8

Sina 2013. “山寨比特币扎堆 莱特币异军突起 [Parody Bitcoins Join in  –  The Litecoin Emerges as New Force]” (In Chinese). Sina (Nov 28). http://bit.ly/Im7N6G

Shuai Mengxia. 2013. “虚拟货币大揭秘 [Exposing the secrets of virtual currency]” (In Chinese).  学习是最好的投资: Sina Blog (Oct 14). http://blog.sina.com.cn/s/blog_4ae221c50102e4cd.html.

Wood, Julia. 2013. “Buyer beware: Bitcoin’s fate could rest with China.” CNBC (Nov 29). http://www.cnbc.com/id/101233864

Xu, Jiaping. 2007. “The Q Coin secondary market in practice.” Virtual Economy Research (April 27). http://bit.ly/1hoDV8v

Featured Image:

Bitcoin. 2013. 36KR. http://www.36kr.com/p/207989.html

 

* Still unsure of how Bitcoin works? The following quote from the article by Babaioff et al (2011) might help you grasp the concept: “Bitcoin relies on a peer-to-peer network to verify and authorize all transactions that are performed with the currency. Suppose that Alice wants to reserve a hotelroom for 30 bitcoins. Alice cryptographically signs a transaction to transfer 30 bitcoins from her to the hotel, and sends the signed transaction to its neighbors. A node that receives the transaction verifies that Alice has signed it and that she does indeed own the bitcoins she is attempting to transfer. Th node then tries to “authorize” the transaction (…). Once a node successfully authorizes a transaction, it sends the “proof” (..) to all of its neighbors. They in turn, send the information to all of their neighbors and so on. Finally, all nodes in the network “agree” that Alice’s bitcoins have been transferred to the hotel” (1,2).

 

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koetse.148x200About the Author: Manya Koetse is the editor-in-chief of What’s on Weibo. She’s a Sinologist who splits her time between the Netherlands and China. She earned her bachelor’s degrees in Literary Studies, Japanese & China Studies and completed her MPhil in Asian Studies (China track, Leiden University). Her interest in modern Chinese society and social media have resulted in the launch of What’s on Weibo. Contact: manya@whatsonweibo.com, or follow on Twitter.

Manya Koetse is the editor-in-chief of www.whatsonweibo.com. She is a writer and consultant (Sinologist, MPhil) on social trends in China, with a focus on social media and digital developments, popular culture, and gender issues. Contact at manya@whatsonweibo.com, or follow on Twitter.

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Backgrounder

‘Good Doctor’, Digital Hospitals: How Mobile Apps Are Alleviating China’s Healthcare Problems

With the rapid digitalization of China’s healthcare, Chinese patients now have more ways than one to receive medical assistance.

Manya Koetse

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China’s healthcare industry is facing some serious challenges. As Chinese society is rapidly digitalizing, mobile apps now provide innovative solutions to alleviate pressing problems in the country’s health services sector.

 
This is the “WE…WEI…WHAT?” column by Manya Koetse, originally published in German by Goethe Institut China on Goethe.de: “Good-Doctor Apps und Digitale Krankenhäuser.” 
 

Social Credit System, artificial intelligence, surveillance cameras; these are some of the hottest topics making headlines in mainstream Western media when discussing China-related developments recently.

With the rapid digitalization of Chinese society, these topics certainly have come to play a more important role in social media discussions within the People’s Republic of China (PRC). But if there is one issue that seems to concern Chinese social media users the most, it is not facial recognition nor their ‘Sesame score’: it is the topic of healthcare.

In December of 2017, a photo showing a crying mother kneeling down beside a toddler on the sidewalk in front of a Shanghai hospital went viral overnight. The moment was captured on camera by a reporter who was visiting Shanghai’s Children’s Hospital.

The photo of Guo Yinzhen and her son that went viral in China (image via NetEase, source: https://3g.163.com).

The mother, Guo Yinzhen, is a single parent who had traveled from a remote village to seek medical help for her 3-old-son, who was suffering from congenital hydrocephalus or ‘water on the brain.’ Already having traveled to the city multiple times and spending all her money on medical bills, Guo could not afford the additional 100.000 yuan (€ 12.600) for medical procedures needed to save her son’s life.

Guo’s story struck a chord with Chinese netizens, who continue to share the heartbreaking photo on social media to this day. It has become emblematic of China’s healthcare problems.

 

Crowded Hospitals and ‘Healthcare Disturbance’

 

The key to an adequate healthcare system, no matter where in the world, is that there is a right balancing in the “iron triangle” of efficiency/cost containment, high quality care, and patient access.[1] China, however, struggles with all three sides of this triangle.

Guo’s case is an extreme example, but many people in China dealing with less serious health issues and needing basic medical services also struggle to afford and access the healthcare they need.

Over 95% of people in China have health insurance, but people from different regions do not enjoy the same benefits and their out-of-pocket expenses can vary greatly. Uncovered medical costs can sometimes be catastrophic and simply unaffordable for patients and their families.

As more money flows are going to healthcare facilities in China’s cities, there is also the issue of varying levels of providers’ medical education and the overall healthcare quality, with the substantial majority of modern hospitals still existing in urban areas.

Easy access to the right kind of healthcare can be especially problematic for China’s rural population, as people often need to travel long distances and have to go through the lengthy process of registering and waiting for their doctor’s appointment, which sometimes requires them to stay in the city overnight.

For all of these reasons, China’s bigger public hospitals can get super crowded, sometimes resembling shopping malls on an end-of-season sales day. On social media, both patients and medical workers often complain about the stress brought about by the huge crowds and the shortage of doctors in hospitals across the country.

Perhaps it is no wonder that China even has a word to describe outbursts of violence between patients and doctors: ‘Yī nào’ (医闹, literally: “healthcare disturbance”).

Weibo user ‘Sunscreen’ complains about the crowds at Huashan Hospital.

One major problem within China’s healthcare conundrum is the lack of local family or primary-care doctors, which often makes bigger hospitals the first stop to any kind of medical treatment for Chinese patients.

The reasons for this issue are manifold. There is a general lack of trust in private and smaller local healthcare clinics, for example, and patients often choose to go directly to a bigger hospital to avoid making extra costs.

This makes it extra difficult for many community health care centers – that are already struggling – to make enough money and to retain qualified staff. In a society that is rapidly aging, the challenges facing China’s healthcare industry are only becoming more pressing.

 

A Doctor Today, Just an App Away

 

As China’s online environment is thriving, new innovative online apps are popping up on a daily basis. Some of these apps, that have found their ways into China’s most popular app rankings, are offering solutions to some of the country’s most pressing healthcare problems.

One of these apps is Ping’an Good Doctor (平安好医生), which was developed by health insurance provider Ping’an in 2015 and calls itself China’s “one-stop healthcare ecosystem.”

“Ping’an Good Doctor” promotional image by Ping’an.

Employing some 1000 medical staff in its in-house team, contracting over 5,200 external doctors, and collaborating with 3000 hospitals and thousands of pharmacy outlets across the country, the app is somewhat of an “online hospital.”

Through the app, users can look through an online database of medical professionals, order medicine at nearby pharmacies, get 24/7 online medical consultancy, search for information about both Western and Chinese Traditional Medicine, etc., but they can also use Ping’an Good Doctor as a fitness app to track their own health.

Screenshot of Ping’an app screen, by author.

When looking for a specific doctor for a one-on-one consult, the app first lets users select an area of expertise (e.g. dermatology or gynecology), and then offers a list of different specialists in various price categories.

Doctors from well-known hospitals, for example, or those with excellent ratings, have a one-time consultation fee of 100 yuan (€ 12,60). Other doctors can be consulted starting from 30 yuan (€3,70). All costs can be paid efficiently via online payment apps.

Doctors to pick from within the app’s various price categories.

Ping’an Good Doctor uses an AI-driven system to ask patients various questions about their symptoms and to automatically create a user’s medical record to save time. Based on the AI-generated record and the conversation with the patients – files such as photos can also be uploaded to the app -, the doctors can prescribe medicine or refer the patient to a hospital for an offline appointment if needed.

Ping’an recently announced that its number of registered users exceeded 300 million users, with 62 million monthly active users. Because the app keeps building on its AI-driven system, Ping’an Good Doctor can be expected to only become a ‘smarter’ smart health app the more popular it gets.

Although Ping’an is now leading within China’s medical app category, there are many other apps providing similar services, such as Chunyu Yisheng (春雨医生), Haodafu Online (好大夫在线), or DingXiang Doctor (丁香医生).

The emergence of these apps is just one of the many ways in which China’s digital developments, online media, and tech giants are impacting the healthcare industry, profoundly changing how patients receive healthcare information and access medical services now and in the future.

List of recommended medical apps in the Tencent app store.

In a way, China’s medical consultation apps fill the void in offline primary care. Patients who would otherwise turn to hospital care as their first stop can now  access medical consultations any time, any day, at a relatively low cost. Those who suffer from relatively harmless conditions could be diagnosed by a medical specialist via the app and get the medicine they need within a matter of minutes. With the growing popularity of these kinds of apps, many patients no longer need to visit a hospital at all.

Are smart health apps such as Ping’an Good Doctor the solution to China’s healthcare problems? No, they’re not. Struggling mums like Guo Yinzhen will not find the help they need there. But they do contribute to a more efficient healthcare environment where crowd flows in hospitals can be reduced, and patients do not need to spend a lot of time and money to stand in hour-long queues to get five minutes of their doctor’s time.

Although smart health apps could not help Guo Yinzhen and her son, social media apps could. As soon as their story went viral in late 2017, Shanghai Children’s Welfare Foundation Xiaoxingxin offered to cover medical treatments for the little boy, with a notable pediatric neurosurgeon operating the child. According to the latest updates, the boy’s situation was “looking good.”

Hopefully, the same holds true for the challenging sides of China’s healthcare industry.

By Manya Koetse
Follow @whatsonweibo

[1] Burns & Liu, 2017: 3-4.

References/Linked Sources

Burns, Lawton Robert, and Gordon G. Liu. 2017. “Introduction.” In China’s Healthcare Industry: A System Perspective, Lawton Robert Burns and Gordon G. Liu (eds), pp-1-116. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Economist, 2017. “China needs many more primary-care doctors.” The Economist, May 11 https://www.economist.com/china/2017/05/11/china-needs-many-more-primary-care-doctors [20.10.19].

Zhou, Viola. 2018. “Does China Have Universal Healthcare? A Long (And Better) Answer.” Inkstone, Oct 10 https://www.inkstonenews.com/health/china-translated-does-china-have-universal-health-care/article/2167579

This text was first published by Goethe-Institut China under a CC-BY-NC-ND-4.0-DE license (Creative Commons) as part of a monthly column in collaboration with What’s On Weibo.

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Backgrounder

How Chinese Kuaishou Rebel ‘Pangzai’ Became a Twitter King

He’s been called a ‘Twitter king’, but how did the unexpected online fame of this ‘Hebei Pangzai’ start?

Jessica Colwell

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Twitter has fallen in love with a Chinese farmer after his drinking videos on Kuaishou were cross-posted abroad and went viral. He has embraced his new fans and Western social media, arguably becoming one of China’s most successful cultural ambassadors of the year.

He describes himself as the “inventor of tornado beer drinking style” and as an “ordinary peasant from China.” ‘Hebei Pangzai’ only joined Twitter in August of 2019, but he already has a Twitter following of more than 111.6K.

Although his account is temporarily restricted by Twitter at time of writing (“due to suspicious activity”), his popularity is only growing. Some Twitterers, such as the China twitterer Carl Zha (@CarlZha), are even initiating a “#FreePangzai campaign” to restore the account of the “one true King.”

But where and when did the online fame of ‘Hebei Pangzai’ start?

Let’s begin our introduction to Pangzai with one tweet from March of this year, when Twitter user ‘Hunnaban Trenchboss’ posted a video from Chinese short video app Kuaishou (快手) showing a man – ‘Pangzai’ – wearing sunglasses and smoking a cigarette while preparing an incredible mixed drink.

The man in the video smoothly pops the cap off a bottle of beer with a chopstick, pours some in a large jar, then twirls the bottle and propels the rest of the beer in a tornado of force down his throat.

He follows that up by pouring in more beer, some blue liquor, an egg, some Pepsi, and a hefty glass of baijiu – which he dumps in only after lighting it on fire, igniting his finger, and coolly lighting his cigarette. He then chugs the entire concoction in a matter of seconds.

“How do I become as cool as this guy, The Coolest Guy?”, the tweet said.

The same video was shared again in August by a few Russian accounts, was retweeted by an American account, and then went completely viral, racking up millions of views and tens of thousands of retweets.

That video has now been viewed almost 12 million times on Twitter, and has inspired tens of thousands of fans who herald him as ‘king.’

The man in the video referred to as ‘Pangzai’ (胖仔, ‘chubby dude’) is Liu Shichao (刘世超), a 33-year-old farmer and small-time Chinese internet celebrity from a city called Xingtai in Hebei Province.

According to an interview with Technode, he found out about the video on Twitter when some of his new foreign fans opened Chinese social media accounts to find him and tell him about his overnight online fame.

“One message told me that I was a celebrity now in America,” he told Technode: “So I chatted with the person [who sent the message] for a whole day, with the help of translation software.”

Within two days of his video going viral, Pangzai had figured out how to use a VPN, opened his own Twitter account and started uploading videos.

He even posted a reply on the original viral video to alert everybody to his account.

Liu’s early response to his viral video on Twitter.

Since then, Liu ‘Pangzai’ has amassed over 111,000 followers and has posted many more videos of everything from drinking, to cooking, to exploring his countryside hometown.

But it was the drinking videos specifically that earned him his following, both abroad and in China.

 

IT STARTED ON KUAISHOU

“Pangzai epitomizes the typical Kuaishou account.”

 

Liu began his internet career three years ago on Kuaishou, a Chinese short video app massively popular among China’s lower-tier cities and countryside.

In contrast to the polished, celeb-heavy platform Douyin, which is most popular among urban youths, Kuaishou is a platform for the masses. Its users are known for their crazy antics and general disregard for personal safety.

Liu Shichao’s Kuaishou account has 354,000 followers, but the majority of his videos have been removed.

Pangzai epitomizes the typical Kuaishou account. Posting under the handle “Chubby Dude from Hebei” (@河北胖仔), he uploads videos of himself eating and drinking in eye-popping combinations, or sometimes smashing things – from bricks to unopened water bottles – with his bare hands.

Liu’s video of breaking bricks with his hands was also popular on Twitter.

Liu also gained notoriety, and a couple hundred thousand followers, from his mastery of the so-called ‘beer tornado technique’ (小旋风 xiǎo xuànfēng).

According to an interview with the BBC, he peaked at 470,000 followers on Kuaishou and was monetizing his online fame with some 10,000 RMB ($1420) per month.

Liu’s signature beer tornado technique features in the first video he posted to Twitter.

Unfortunately for Liu, China’s Cyberspace Administration announced a crackdown on vulgar and illegal content across multiple social media platforms in spring of 2018, with a focus on Douyin, Kuaishou, and its sister news company Jinri Toutiao. Kuaishou was pulled from app stores until it cleaned up its act.

It is unclear just how many videos and accounts have been removed as a result of the cleanup. We can get a rough idea from an announcement by Kuaishou earlier this year that in March of 2019 alone, it removed an average of over 11,000 videos and blocked almost 1,000 accounts every day.

The result for Liu was that his account was suspended for four months and the majority of his most popular videos, including the one that went viral abroad, were removed for promoting ‘unhealthy drinking habits.’

When you look at his Kuaishou account today, you won’t see many videos focused solely on baijiu and beer chugging.

The videos that remain on his account do include drinking (and his signature tornado move) but it is always accompanied by eating food or some other activity (such as sitting deep in a field of corn, munching on roast duck and dribbling baijiu down a corn leaf into a glass.)

In a video posted to Kuaishou, Liu pours baijiu into a glass from a corn leaf, before then lighting it on fire and chugging it.

Liu still has 354,000 followers on Kuaishou. His Chinese fans, like his foreign ones, marvel at his cool and collected manner as he eats and drinks all sorts of disgusting things.

Canned herring features heavily in his most popular recent videos, where he can be seen sipping the juice directly from the can.

In one of his videos on Kuaishou, Liu eating herring directly from the can, to the disgust of his fans.

“This has to be the most unaffected anyone has ever been by eating canned herring,” says one fan. “The flavor is disgusting! 99.9% of people who try this would vomit,” another online commenter replies.

 

AN UNEXPECTED TWITTER KING

“Liu is like many young men from the countryside of Northern China: open, friendly, humble, and genuinely excited to share his life.”

 

This year, Liu seems to have embraced his newfound international stardom with grace and savvy.

He uses Twitter’s in-app translation to help him communicate with fans and has been highly interactive on the platform.

Liu ‘Pangzai’ was also quick to open up a Paypal account and share it with followers, and has recently made YouTube and Instagram accounts to prevent scams pretending to be him. He has also collaborated with a Twitter fan to sell T-shirts online in America.

Many online fans have dubbed him ‘king’, perhaps the highest praise one can receive on the internet today.

But in contrast to the sunglasses and chill demeanor of his videos, Liu does not appear to be an internet celebrity overly obsessed with being cool.

Instead, he is like many young men from the countryside of Northern China: open, friendly, humble, and genuinely excited to share his life (and drinking habits) with the rest of the world.

Liu began using translation software to communicate with fans soon after joining Twitter.

After reposting all of his old drinking videos from Kuaishou, Liu started asking Twitter fans what they would like to see from him. Many responded that they wanted more about his life in rural China.

He has since followed up with videos showing him fixing a pipe with his friends, exploring his local market, cooking sweet potatoes, and, of course, a tutorial on how to master the ‘tornado beer’ technique.

Liu explaining on Twitter how to perform the tornado beer technique that helped make him famous.

Many have expressed concern for his health in light of his drinking habits, but he has assured everybody that everything he does is “within his ability” and that he doesn’t drink like that very often.

Liu is grateful for all the support and praise he has received from abroad. “It’s crazy to have all of these foreign friends all of a sudden,” he recently said in an interview with Deadspin: “I really have to thank them a lot. If I have a chance I will find them and we can drink together.”

Seemingly to that end, Liu has recently organized a party to be held near his hometown in China, exciting fans all over the world and spurring many to apply for passports and visas.

Once Liu began inviting people to his party, he changed the date and location in order to accommodate more attendees.

The date is set for December 14, 2019 in Zhuamadian City, Hebei Province; too soon for many to make it, but he promises another party in the spring. There is talk also of organizing a visit for Liu ‘Pangzai’ to go to America.

 

WINDOW INTO CHINESE SOCIAL MEDIA

“Liu’s growing notoriety abroad seems to have flown completely under the radar of the Chinese internet.”

 

Although there are many vloggers like Pangzai in China, he stands out on Twitter as some sort of window into Chinese social media, especially because this online world is usually so separate from the Western realms of social media.

The recent explosive growth of Chinese social media apps such as TikTok has not done much to facilitate this kind of cultural interaction between China and the West.

Although Tiktok is, in fact, a Chinese app (called Douyin 抖音 in China), there are actually two different versions of the same app in mainland China and abroad, meaning that the other ‘Pangzais’ of the Chinese internet still remain within the social media spheres of the PRC, rarely gaining fame outside of the Great Firewall.

In China, aside from his fans on Kuaishou, Liu’s growing notoriety abroad seems to have flown completely under the radar of the Chinese internet. He is mentioned only one or two times across Weibo, and searches for his name and handle on WeChat, Baidu, and various Chinese tech news sites bring up nothing.

Liu is a rare example of genuine soft power coming out of China. A pure, grassroots man of the people with strong cultural appeal who sincerely enjoys sharing his life and his culture with the rest of the world. His tweets are full of affection and appreciation for his fans, as well as frequent prompts for followers to share their own lives and customs of their home countries.

To watch his introduction to Twitter and rise to fame is to see the best of the internet: cultural interaction, genuinely shared delight, and mutual admiration inspired by hilarious antics caught on camera.

His Twitter fans express their hope that Twitter Support will soon lift the temporary ban on their ‘Twitter king.’ To them, it’s perfectly clear: this online king is nowhere near dead, long live Pangzai!

Follow the #FreePangzai hashtag on Twitter.

Update: Panghaizi is out of Twitter jail!

 
Want to read more about unexpected online celebrities from China? Also see:
The Story of Two Farmers Who Became Internet Celebrities;
The “Vagrant Shanghai Professor”;
From Farmgirl to Fashionista: Weibo Celebrity Fairy Wang.

 

By Jessica Colwell
Follow @whatsonweibo

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