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Follow the Leaders: These Are All the Members of China’s 20th Central Committee & Politburo Standing Committee

Full list of names including the members of China’s new 20th Central Committee, the Politburo, and its Standing Committee.

Manya Koetse

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Which Party members will lead China in the next five years? These are the names you need to know: all the full members of China’s new Central Committee, the Politburo, and its Standing Committee.

The 20th Party Congress has concluded and China’s new leadership for the next five years has been revealed. All of the new full and alternate members of the 20th Central Committee were announced on October 22 and a day later, on October 23rd, the new seven-member Politburo Standing Committee was unveiled.

As was widely expected, Xi Jinping will continue his third five-year term as leader.

The lists with new member names went trending on Chinese social media. On Weibo alone, the hashtag “20th Central Committee Members List” (#二十届中央委员会委员名单#) received a staggering 580 million clicks within two days time. There were also other trending hashtags during the weekend of the closing session of the 20th Party Congress, such as “The Resumes of the New Politburo Standing Committee Members” (#新一届中央政治局常委简历#).

The Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party (中国共产党中央委员会) is, theoretically, the highest authority within the Party pyramid, and its members (generally 170-205 full members) are nominally elected every five years by the National Party Congress. It is the primary authority of the Central Committee to elect the Politburo (中国共产党中央政治局), which actually is the top decision-making body in the Party (21-25 members).

Among the members of the Politburo are those of the Standing Committee (中国共产党中央政治局常务委员会), which basically is the core leadership of the Party (generally 5-11 members, including the Party General Secretary). This is the list of names that everyone has been mostly waiting to see this week.

Here, we will list the member names of China’s new 20th Central Committee, the Politburo, and its Standing Committee. We have put them in alphabetical order, based on the first letter of their written in pinyin, and have included all names in characters.

 

The 20th Central Committee (Full Members)

Noteworthy:
The 19th Central Committee was composed of 204 full members (among them only 10 women), this 20th Central Committee list contains 205 full members and 11 of them are women.
– Nine of these members come from a minority ethnic group, including one Uyghur.
– Premier Li Keqiang and the head of the National People’s Congress, Li Zhanshu, the second- and third-highest ranking officials in the party, have not been included, neither have Wang Yang, the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference chairman and Vice-Premier Han Zheng.

Abbreviations:
– CMC = Central Military Commission
– CPC = Communist Party of China
– CSSC = China State Shipbuilding Corporation
– PLA = People’s Liberation Army

(The 171 alternate members of the 20th Central Committee, who do not have voting rights, have not been listed here).

1. Bate’er 巴特尔 (Mongolian) (Vice Chairperson of the National Committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference)
2. Cai Jianjiang 蔡剑江 (Director of the Office of the Central Air Traffic Management Commission)
3. Cai Qi 蔡奇 (New Politburo Standing Committee member, Party Secretary of Beijing)
4. Chang Dingqiu 常丁求 (PLA General, Commander of PLA Air Force)
5. Chen Gang 陈刚 (Party Secretary of the All-China Federation of Trade Unions)
6. Chen Jining 陈吉宁 (New Politburo member, Deputy Party Secretary, Mayor of Beijing)
7. Chen Min’er 陈敏尔 (18th-20th Politburo member, Party Chief of Chongqing)
8. Chen Wenqing 陈文清 (New Politburo member, Ministry of State Security Minister, Party Secretary)
9. Chen Xiaojiang 陈小江 (Executive Deputy Head of the United Front Work Department of the CPC Central Committee)
10. Chen Xu 陈旭 (female) (Deputy Head of the CPC United Front Work Department, Director of the Overseas Chinese Affairs Office)
11. Chen Yixin 陈一新 (Secretary-General of the Central Political and Legal Affairs Commission)
12. Cheng Lihua 程丽华 (female) (Deputy Secretary of Anhui Provincial Party Committee)
13. Ding Xuedong 丁学东 (Deputy Secretary-General of the State Council of the People’s Republic of China)
14. Ding Xuexiang 丁薛祥 (New Politburo Standing Committee member, a senior aide to Xi Jinping)
15. Dong Jun 董军 (PLA Admiral, Commander of the People’s Liberation Army Navy)
16. Erkin Tuniyaz 艾尔肯·吐尼亚孜 (Uyghur) (Chairman of Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region)
17. Feng Fei 冯飞 (Governor of Hainan)
18. Fu Hua 傅华 (President of Xinhua News Agency)
19. Gao Xiang 高翔 (Vice President, Deputy Secretary of the Party core group of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences)
20. Gao Zhidan 高志丹 (Director of the State General Administration of Sports)
21. Gong Zheng 龚正 (Mayor and Deputy Communist Party Secretary of Shanghai Municipality)
22. Guo Puzheng 郭普校 (Political Commissar to the PLA Air Force)
23. Han Jun 韩俊 (Governor of Jilin Province)
24. Han Wenxiu 韩文秀 (Deputy Director, Research Office of the State Council)
25. Hao Peng 郝鹏 (Chairman and Party Committee Secretary of the State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission)
26. He Hongjun 何宏军 (PLA Lieutenant General)
27. He Junke 贺军科 (First Secretary of the Communist Youth League of China)
28. He Lifeng 何立峰 (New Politburo member, head of the National Development and Reform Commission)
29. He Rong (female) 贺荣 (Deputy Chief Justice, Executive Vice president of the Supreme People’s Court of China)
30. He Weidong 何卫东 (New Politburo member, Commander of the CMC’s Joint Command Centre)
31. Hou Jianguo 侯建国 (former President of the University of Science and Technology of China)
32. Hou Kai 侯凯 (Member of Standing Committee of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection, Auditor General of the National Audit Office)
33. Hu Changsheng 胡昌升 (Governor of Heilongjiang)
34. Hu Chunhua 胡春华 (former Politburo member, Vice Premier of the People’s Republic of China)
35. Hu Henghua 胡衡华 (Deputy Party Secretary and Mayor of Chongqing)
36. Hu Heping 胡和平 (Party Secretary of Ministry of Culture and Tourism)
37. Hu Yuting 胡玉亭 (Deputy Secretary of the Liaoning Provincial Committee)
38. Hu Zhongming 胡中明 (PLA Vice Admiral, Chief of Staff of the PLA Navy)
39. Huai Jinpeng 怀进鹏 (Party Secretary of the China Association for Science and Technology)
40. Huang Jianfa 黄建发 (Deputy Secretary of the Zhejiang Provincial Party Committee)
41. Huang Kunming 黄坤明 (19th/20th Politburo member, head of the CPC Publicity Department)
42. Huang Ming 黄铭 (PLA Lieutenant General, Chief of Staff of the PLA)
43. Huang Qiang 黄强 (Governor of Sichuan Province)
44. Huang Shouhong 黄守宏 (Director of the State Council Research Office)
45. Huang Xiaowei 黄晓薇 (female) (Party Decretary of the All-China Women’s Federation)
46. Jin Xiangjun 金湘军 (Deputy Mayor of Tianjin)
47. Jin Zhuanglong 金壮龙 (Minister of Industry and Information Technology)
48. Jing Junhai 景俊海 (Governor of Jilin)
49. Ju Qiansheng 巨乾生 (PLA General, Commander of the PLA Strategic Support Force)
50. Lan Fo’an 蓝佛安 (Governor of Shanxi)
51. Lan Tianli 蓝天立 (Zhuang ethnic group) (Chairman, Deputy Party Chief of Guangxi)
52. Lei Fanpei 雷凡培 (former Party Secretary, Chairman of CSSC)
53. Li Bingjun 李炳军 (Governor of Guizhou Province)
54. Li Fengbiao 李凤彪 (PLA General, Political commissar of the Western Theater Command)
55. Li Ganjie 李干杰 (New Politburo member, Party Secretary of Shandong)
56. Li Guoying 李国英 (Governor of Anhui province)
57. Li Hongzhong 李鸿忠 (also 19th/20th Politburo member, Tianjin Party Secretary)
58. Li Lecheng 李乐成 (Governor of Liaoning)
59. Li Qiang 李强 (New Politburo Standing Committee member, 19th/20th Politburo member and Party Secretary of Shanghai)
60. Li Qiaoming 李桥铭 (PLA General, former commander of the Northern Theater Command)
61. Li Shangfu 李尚福 (PLA General, Head of the Equipment Development Department of the Central Military Commission)
62. Li Shulei 李书磊 (New Politburo member, Executive Deputy Head of the Publicity Department)
63. Li Wei 李伟 (former Director of the Development Research Center of the State Council)
64. Li Xi 李希 (New Politburo Standing Committee member, 19th/20th Politburo member and Party Secretary of Guangdong, Secretary of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection)
65. Li Xiaohong 李晓红 (President of the Chinese Academy of Engineering)
66. Li Xiaoxin 李小新 (female) (Vice Minister of the Organization Department of the CPC Central Committee (ODCPC)
67. Li Yi 李屹 (Party branch Secretary, Vice president of China Federation of Literary and Art Circles)
68. Li Yifei 李邑飞 (Deputy Secretary of the Party Committee of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region)
69. Li Yuchao 李玉超 (PLA General, Commander of PLA Rocket Force)
70. Liang Huiling 梁惠玲 (female) (Chair of the All-China Federation of Supply and Marketing Cooperatives)
71. Liang Yanshun 梁言顺 (Party Secretary of Ningxia)
72. Lin Wu 林武 (Party Secretary of Shanxi)
73. Lin Xiangyang 林向阳 (PLA General, Commander of Eastern Theater Command)
74. Liu Faqing 刘发庆 (PLA Lieutenant General, Secretary-General of National Defense Mobilization Commission)
75. Liu Guozhong 刘国中 (New Politburo Member, Party Secretary of Shaanxi)
76. Liu Haixing 刘海星 (Deputy Director in the Office of the National Security Commission)
77. Liu Jianchao 刘建超 (Director of the International Liaison Department of the CPC)
78. Liu Jinguo 刘金国 (Deputy Secretary of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection)
79. Liu Junchen 刘俊臣 (Deputy Secretary of Party Organs Working Committee)
80. Liu Ning 刘宁 (Party Secretary of Guangxi)
81. Liu Qingsong 刘青松 (PLA Admiral, Political Commissar of the Northern Theater Command)
82. Liu Wei 刘伟 (Chairman of the CPPCC Henan Committee)
83. Liu Xiaoming 刘小明 (former Ambassador of China to the United Kingdom)
84. Liu Zhenli 刘振立 (PLA General, Commander of the PLA Ground Force)
85. Lou Yangsheng 楼阳生 (Party Secretary of Henan Province)
86. Lu Hao 陆昊 (Party Branch Secretary of Development Research Center of the State Council)
87. Lu Zhiyuan 陆治原 (Deputy Secretary of Shandong Provincial Committee, Secretary of Qingdao Municipal Committee)
88. Luo Wen 罗文 (Head of China’s State General Administration for Market Regulation)
89. Ma Xiaowei马晓伟 (National Health Commission Director, Vice President of the Red Cross Society of China)
90. Ma Xingrui 马兴瑞 (New Politburo member, Xinjiang Party Secretary, former Guangdong governor)
91. Mao Weiming 毛伟明 (Governor of Hunan Province)
92. Meng Fanli 孟凡利 (Party Secretary of Shenzhen, Deputy Party Secretary of Guangdong)
93. Meng Xiangfeng 孟祥锋 (Executive Deputy Director of the General Office of CPC)
94. Miao Hua 苗华 (19th/20th CC, Admiral of the Chinese PLA Navy, Director of Political Work Department of Central Military Commission)
95. Ni Hong 倪虹 (Minister of Housing and Urban-Rural Development)
96. Ni Yuefeng 倪岳 峰 (Party Secretary of Hebei)
97. Nurlan Abelmanjen 努尔兰·阿不都满金 (Kazakh) (Chairman of the Xinjiang Regional Committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference)
98. Pan Yue 潘岳 (Minister of the State Ethnic Affairs Commission)
99. Pei Jinjia 裴金佳 (Minister of Veterans Affairs)
100. Qi Yu 齐玉 (Secretary of the CPC Committee of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs)
101. Qin Gang 秦刚 (Chinese Ambassador to the United States)
102. Qin Shutong 秦树桐 (PLA General, Political Commissar of the PLA Ground Force)
103. Qu Qingshan 曲青山 (President of the Institute of Party History and Literature of the Central Committee of CPC)
104. Ren Zhenhe 任振鹤 (Tujia ethnic group) (Governor of Gansu Province)
105. Shen Chunyao 沈春耀 (Chairperson of the Legislative Affairs Committee of the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress)
106. Shen Haixiong 慎海雄 (Propaganda Chief of Guangdong Province)
107. Shen Xiaoming 沈晓明 (former Governor of Hainan)
108. Shen Yiqing 谌贻琴 (female, Bai ethnic group) (Communist Party Secretary of Guizhou)
109. Shen Yueyue 沈跃跃 (female) (President of the All-China Women’s Federation)
110. Shi Taifeng 石泰峰 (New Politburo member, President of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences)
111. Sun Jinlong 孙金龙 (Party Branch Secretary of the Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps)
112. Sun Shaocheng 孙绍骋 (Party Secretary of Inner Mongolia)
113. Tang Dengjie 唐登杰 (Minister of Civil Affairs)
114. Tang Renjian 唐仁健 (Governor of Gansu Province)
115. Tie Ning 铁凝 (female) (President of the China Writers Association)
116. Tong Jianming 童建明 (Grand Prosecutor and first Deputy Prosecutor General of the Supreme People’s Procuratorate)
117. Tuo Zhen 庹震 (President of the People’s Daily)
118. Wan Lijun 万立骏 (researcher, former President of the University of Science and Technology of China)
119. Wang Chunning 王春宁 (PLA General, Commander of the People’s Armed Police)
120. Wang Dongming 王东明 (Vice Chairman of the Standing Committee, Chairman of the All-China Federation of Trade Unions)
121. Wang Guanghua 王广华 (Minister of Natural Resources)
122. Wang Haijiang (PLA General, Commander of Western Theater Command)
123. Wang Hao 王浩 (Governor of Zhejiang)
124. Wang Huning 王沪宁 (Politburo Standing Committee since 2017, 19th/20th Politburo member, First Secretary of the Secretariat of the Chinese Communist Party)
125. Wang Junzheng 王君正 (Communist Party Secretary of Tibet)
126. Wang Kai 王凯 (Governor of Henan Province)
127. Wang Kai 王凯 (Lieutenant General of the PLA)
128. Wang Lixia 王莉霞 (female, Mongolian) (Deputy Party Chief, Party branch Secretary, Chairwoman of the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region)
129. Wang Menghui 王蒙徽 (Communist Party Secretary of Hubei)
130. Wang Ning 王宁 (Party Secretary of Yunnan)
131. Wang Peng 王鹏 (Vice President and Chief of Education of the People’s Liberation Army National Defence University)
132. Wang Qiang 王强 (PLA General, Commander of the North Sea Fleet)
133. Wang Qingxian 王清宪 (Governor of Anhui)
134. Wang Renhua 王仁华 (Vice Admiral of the PLA, Secretary of the Political and Legal Affairs Commission of the Central Military Commission)
135. Wang Shouwen 王受文 (China International Trade Representative, Vice Minister of Commerce)
136. Wang Weizhong 王伟中 (Deputy Party Secretary, Governor of Guangdong)
137. Wang Wenquan 王文全 (Political Commissar of the Joint Logistics Support Unit of the Central Military Commission)
138. Wang Wentao 王文涛 (Minister of Commerce)
139. Wang Xiangxi 王祥喜 (Minister of Emergency Management)
140. Wang Xiaohong 王小洪 (Party Secretary, Minister of Public Security)
141. Wang Xiaohui 王晓晖 (Party Secretary of Sichuan)
142. Wang Xiubin 王秀斌 (PLA General, Commander of the Southern Theater Command)
143. Wang Yi 王毅 (New Politburo member, State Councillor and Foreign Minister)
144. Wang Yong 王勇 (Chinese State Councilor)
145. Wang Yubo 王予波 (Governor of Yunnan Province)
146. Wang Zhengpu 王正谱 (Governor of Hebei)
147. Wang Zhijun 王志军 (Vice Minister of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology)
148. Wang Zhonglin 王忠林 (Governor of Hubei)
149. Wu Hansheng 吴汉圣 (Deputy Secretary of Work Committee of Central Government in charge of Daily Work)
150. Wu Xiaojun 吴晓军 (Governor of Qinghai)
151. Wu Yanan 吴亚男 (General of the PLA, Commander of the Central Theater Command)
152. Wu Zhenglong 吴政隆 (Secretary of Jiangsu)
153. Xi Jinping 习近平 (General Secretary of the Party, President PRC, Chairman of the Central Military Commission)
154. Xiao Jie 肖捷 (State Councilor, Secretary General of the State Council)
155. Xiao Pei 肖培 (Deputy Secretary of the CPC Committee for Discipline and Inspection)
156. Xie Chuntao 谢春涛 (Vice President of the Central Party School of the Chinese Communist Party)
157. Xin Changxing 信长星 (Party Secretary of Qinghai)
158. Xu Deqing 徐德清 (General of PLA, Political Commissar of the Central Theater Command)
159. Xu Kunlin 许昆林 (Governor of Jiangsu)
160. Xu Lin 徐麟 (Director of the National Radio and Television Administration)
161. Xu Qiling 徐起零 (General of the PLA)
162. Xu Qin 许勤 (Former Governor of Hebei)
163. Xu Xisheng 徐西盛 (Political Commissar of Southern Theater Command Air Force)
164. Xu Xueqiang 许学强 (General of the PLA, President of PLA National Defence University)
165. Xu Zhongbo 徐忠波 (PLA General, Political Commissar of PLA Army Rocket Force)
166. Yan Jinhai (Tibetan) (Chairman of Tibet Autonomous Region)
167. Yang Cheng 杨诚 (Lieutenant General of the PLA, Political Commissar of the Xinjiang Military District)
168. Yang Xuejun 杨学军 (President of the PLA Academy of Military Science)
169. Yang Zhiliang 杨志亮 (Vice Admiral of the PLA Navy, Political Commissar of the South Sea Fleet)
170. Ye Jianchun 叶建春 (Governor of Jiangxi)
171. Yi Huiman 易会满 (Head of the China Securities and Regulatory Commission)
172. Yi Lianhong 易炼红 (Party Secretary of Jiangxi)
173. Yin Hejun 阴和俊 (Deputy Secretary of the Party Committee of the Chinese Academy of Sciences)
174. Yin Hong 尹弘 (former Governor of Henan Province)
175. Yin Li 尹力 (New Politburo member / Communist Party Secretary of Fujian)
176. Yin Yong 殷勇 (Deputy Prosecutor-General of the Supreme People’s Procuratorate)
177. Ying Yong (deputy party chief of the municipality of Beijing and a former deputy governor of the People’s Bank of China)
178. Yu Jianhua 俞建华 (Head of the General Administration of Customs)
179. Yu Qingjiang 俞庆江 (Lieutenant General of the PLA Air Force, Chief of Staff of PLA)
180. Yuan Huazhi 袁华智 (Admiral and Political Commissar of the PLA)
181. Yuan Jiajun 袁家军 (New Politburo member, Zhejiang Party Secretary)
182. Zhang Gong 张工 (Mayor of Tianjin)
183. Zhang Guoqing 张国清 (New Politburo member, Party Secretary of Liaoning)
184. Zhang Hongbing 张红兵 (PLA Political Commissar)
185. Zhang Hongsen 张宏森 (Party Branch Secretary of China Writers Association)
186. Zhang Jun 张军 (Procurator-General of the Supreme People’s Procuratorate)
187. Zhang Lin 张林 (Head of the Logistic Support Department of the Central Military Commission)
188. Zhang Qingwei 张庆伟 (Secretary of Hunan, former Governor of Hebei)
189. Zhang Shengmin 张升民 (Secretary of the Commission for Discipline Inspection of the Central Military Commission of PLA)
190. Zhang Youxia 张又侠 (19th/20th Politburo member, General in the PLA, second-ranked Vice Chairman of the Central Military Commission)
191. Zhang Yupu 张雨浦 (Hui) (Chairman of Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region)
192. Zhang Yuzhuo 张玉卓 (Party branch secretary of the China Association for Science and Technology)
193. Zhao Gang 赵刚 (Member Standing Committee of Zaozhuang Municipal Committee)
194. Zhao Leji 赵乐际 (Politburo member since 2012, secretary of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection, former Head of the CPC Organization Department)
195. Zhao Long 赵龙 (Governor of Fujian)
196. Zhao Xiaozhe 赵晓哲 (Vice Admiral of PLA and Director of Science and Technology Committee of the Central Military Commission)
197. Zhao Yide 赵一德 (Governor of Shaanxi, former Governor/Deputy Secretary of Hebei)
198. Zheng Shanjie 郑栅洁 (Governor/Deputy Party Secretary of Zhejiang and Party Secretary of Ningbo)
199. Zheng Xincong 郑新聪 (Director of Liaison Office in Macau, former Deputy Governor Fujian)
200. Zhong Shaojun 钟绍军 (aide of Xi Jinping, Director of the General Office of the Central Military Commission of People’s Liberation Army)
201. Zhou Naixiang 周乃翔 (Governor of Shandong)
202. Zhou Qiang 周强 (Chief Justice and President of the Supreme People’s Court of China)
203. Zhou Zuyi 周祖翼 (Minister of Human Resources and Social Security)
204. Zhuang Rongwen 庄荣文 (Director of the Cyberspace Administration of China)
205. Zou Jiayi 邹加怡 (female) (Vice Minister of the Ministry of Finance)

 

20th Politburo Members

Noteworthy:
– For the first time in 25 years, there are no female members in this list.

1. Cai Qi 蔡奇 (New Politburo Standing Committee member, Party Secretary of Beijing)
2. Chen Jining 陈吉宁 (New Politburo member, Deputy Party Secretary and mayor of Beijing)
3. Chen Min’er 陈敏尔 (18th-20th Politburo member and party chief of Chongqing)
4. Chen Wenqing 陈文清 (New Politburo member, Ministry of State Security Minister&Party Secretary)
5. Ding Xuexiang 丁薛祥 (New Politburo Standing Committee member, a senior aide to Xi Jinping)
6. He Lifeng 何立峰 (New Politburo member, head of the National Development and Reform Commission)
7. He Weidong 何卫东 (New Politburo member, Commander of the CMC’s Joint Command Centre)
8. Huang Kunming 黄坤明 (19th/20th Politburo member, head of the CPC Publicity Department)
9. Li Ganjie 李干杰 (New Politburo member, Party Secretary of Shandong)
10. Li Hongzhong 李鸿忠 (also 19th/20th Politburo member, Tianjin Party Secretary)
11. Li Qiang 李强 (New Politburo Standing Committee member, 19th/20th Politburo member and Party Secretary of Shanghai)
12. Li Shulei 李书磊 (New Politburo member, Executive Deputy Head of the Publicity Department)
13. Li Xi 李希 (New Politburo Standing Committee member, 19th/20th Politburo member and Party Secretary of Guangdong, Secretary of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection)
14. Liu Guozhong 刘国中 (New Politburo Member, Party Secretary of Shaanxi)
15. Ma Xingrui 马兴瑞 (New Politburo member, Xinjiang Party Secretary, former Guangdong governor)
16. Shi Taifeng 石泰峰 (New Politburo member, President of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences)
17. Wang Huning 王沪宁 (Politburo Standing Committee since 2017, 19th/20th Politburo member, First Secretary of the Secretariat of the Chinese Communist Party)
18. Wang Yi 王毅 (New Politburo member, State Councillor and Foreign Minister)
19. Xi Jinping 习近平 (General Secretary of the Party, President PRC, Chairman of the Central Military Commission)
20. Yin Li 尹力 (New Politburo member, Party Secretary of Fujian)
21. Yuan Jiajun 袁家军 (New Politburo member, Zhejiang Party Secretary)
22. Zhang Guoqing 张国清 (New Politburo member, Party Secretary of Liaoning)
23. Zhang Youxia 张又侠 (19th/20th Politburo member, General in the PLA, second-ranked Vice Chairman of the Central Military Commission)
24. Zhao Leji 赵乐际 (Politburo member since 2012, secretary of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection, former Head of the CPC Organization Department)

 

20th Politburo Standing Committee

Noteworthy:
– Four of the members are new to the Standing Committee.
– Li Keqiang, Wang Yang, Wang Qishan, and Li Zhanshu are gone from the Standing Committee.
– No female members – there never have been in the Standing Committee.

1. Cai Qi 蔡奇 (New Politburo Standing Committee member, Party Secretary of Beijing)
2. Ding Xuexiang 丁薛祥 (New Politburo Standing Committee member, a senior aide to Xi Jinping)
3. Li Qiang 李强 (New Politburo Standing Committee member, 19th/20th Politburo member and Party Secretary of Shanghai)
4. Li Xi 李希 (New Politburo Standing Committee member, 19th/20th Politburo member and Party Secretary of Guangdong, Secretary of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection)
5. Xi Jinping 习近平 (General Secretary of the Party, President PRC, Chairman of the Central Military Commission)
6. Wang Huning 王沪宁 (Politburo Standing Committee since 2017, 19th/20th Politburo member, First Secretary of the Secretariat of the Chinese Communist Party)
7. Zhao Leji 赵乐际 (Politburo member since 2012, secretary of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection, former Head of the CPC Organization Department)

For more about the Party Congress, check our other articles here.

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By Manya Koetse 

Sources (other sources linked to inside text)

Reuters. 2022. “Factbox: China’s new elite Communist Party leadership.” Reuters, Oct 23 https://www.reuters.com/world/china/chinas-new-elite-communist-party-leadership-2022-10-23/ [Oct 23 2022].

Sullivan, Lawrence R. 2012. Historical Dictionary of the Chinese Communist Party. Lanham: The Scarecrow Press. See page: 3-43, 208.

Saich, Tony. 2004. Governance and Politics of China. Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan. See page: 97.

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Manya Koetse is the founder and editor-in-chief of whatsonweibo.com. She is a writer, public speaker, and researcher (Sinologist, MPhil) on social trends, digital developments, and new media in an ever-changing China, with a focus on Chinese society, pop culture, and gender issues. She shares her love for hotpot on hotpotambassador.com. Contact at manya@whatsonweibo.com, or follow on Twitter.

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On Monday, directly after that noteworthy unrest-filled weekend, the hashtag “Multiple Locations Announce Nucleic Acid Testing Changes” (#多地核酸检测通知发生变化#) went trending on Chinese social media, receiving over 660 million clicks by Monday evening.

Immediately following demonstrations in Beijing and a second night of protests in Shanghai and elsewhere, various Chinese media reported how different areas across the country are introducing changes to their current Covid19 testing measures.

On Wednesday, November 30, China’s vice-premier Sun Chunlan made remarks at a meeting on epidemic prevention, underlining the importance of “constantly optimizing” China’s Covid-19 response and talking about a “new stage and mission” – without ever mentioning “zero Covid.”

This is what we know about easing Covid measures thus far:

▶ Strict lockdowns have been lifted in Guangzhou, Zhengzhou, and Chongqing.

▶ On November 28, Guangzhou announced that people who do not actively participate in social life will no longer need to participate in continuous nucleic acid screening. This includes elderly people who stay indoors for long periods of time, students who take online classes, and those who work from home. The change will apply to residents in seven districts, including Haizhu, Panyu, Tianhe, and Baiyun (#广州7区无社会面活动者可不参加全员核酸#).

▶ Guangzhou, according to Reuters, also scrapped a rule that only people with a negative COVID test can buy fever medication over the counter.

Harbin will follow the example of Guangzhou, and will also allow people who are mostly based at home to skip nucleic acid test screenings.

▶ Same goes for Shenyang, and Taiyuan.

▶ In Chongqing, various districts have done widespread Covid testing campaigns, but the local authorities announced that those communities that have not had a positive Covid case over the past five days do not need to participate in nucleic acid screening anymore. This means an end to district-wide testing.

▶ On November 30, Beijing also announced that it will start exempting some people from frequent Covid testing, including those elderly residents who are bound to home and other people who do not go out and have social interactions. This also includes younger students who are following classes online.

▶ Starting from December 5, bus and subway operators in Beijing will no longer refuse entry to passengers without a 48-hour negative nucleic acid certificate (announced on December 2nd).

▶ Although not officially announced, there have been various social media posts and reports about Covid-positive people in Beijing being allowed to quarantine at home if they meet conditions.

Chengdu Metro announced on December 2nd that it will no longer check passengers’ nucleic acid test reports. Passengers still need to scan their travel code and those with a green code can enter. Other public places will reportedly also start to accept the ‘green code’ only without a time limit on nucleic acid testing.

Tianjin metro announced that the 72-hour nucleic acid certificate check will be also be canceled for passengers on the Tianjin metro lines. As in other places, people will still need to wear proper face masks and undergo temperature checks.

▶ In Hangzhou, except for at special places such as nursing homes, orphanages, primary and secondary schools, people’s nucleic acid tests will no longer be checked in public transportation and other public places. They will also stop checking people’s Venue Codes (场所码).

By Manya Koetse , with contributions by Miranda Barnes

 

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China History

Mourning Jiang Zemin, Weibo Turns Black and White

Since the rise of Chinese social media, Jiang Zemin became a recurring part of Chinese memes.

Manya Koetse

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Following the announcement that Jiang Zemin (江泽民), the former president of the PRC, has passed away, various Chinese online platforms have turned into ‘grey’ mode as a sign of mourning. Jiang Zemin died due to leukemia and organ failure. He was 96 years old.

Besides Weibo, the home page of major Chinese websites such as Baidu, Sogou, Taobao, Alipay, Xinhua, People’s Daily, The Paper, and many others all turned into black-and-white mourning mode on Wednesday.

Bilibili turns into grey mode on November 30.

Search engine Sogou also in black and white mode.

On Weibo, one post about Jiang Zemin’s passing received a staggering one million reposts and over two million ‘likes.’ The hashtag “Comrade Jiang Zemin Passed Away at the Age of 96 in Shanghai” (#江泽民同志在上海逝世享年96岁#) had received over 2,5 billion clicks by Wednesday night.

Jiang Zemin was appointed as President of the People’s Republic of China in 1993. In the years before, the former Shanghai Party chief already held official positions as the chairman of the Central Military Affairs Commission and general secretary of the Party. In 2003, Jiang Zemin retired and was replaced by Hu Jintao (Sullivan 2012).

Since the rise of Chinese social media, Jiang became a recurring part of Chinese memes. Jiang had created a wide group of online fans, who are commonly referred to as ‘toad worshippers’ as the online phenomenon of ‘worshipping’ Jiang Zemin is called mo ha (膜蛤), ‘toad worship’ (Fang 2020, 38). The entire phenomenon has become its own subculture that is called ‘mo ha culture’ (móhá wénhuà, 膜蛤文化).

What started as a joke – nicknaming Jiang a ‘toad’ due to his big glasses, signature pants, and wide smile, – became an actual online movement of people who were appreciative of Jiang Zemin.

They loved him, not only because the former leader spoke many languages and other talents, and because of his unique appearance, but mainly because he was not scared to show his emotions, was very expressive, and good at telling stories.

One famous example of this, is when Jiang Zemin got upset with a Hong Kong journalist in 2000 and told them off using three languages (link to video, also here). The much-repeated quote “too young, too simple, sometimes naive” comes from this noteworthy moment as Jiang told journalists that they still had a lot to learn, whereas he had gone through “hundred of battles,” saying “I’ve seen it all.” This also led to Jiang later being called ‘the Elder’ (长者) by netizens.

Another popular Jiang Zemin video is when he met with American journalist Mike Wallace in August of 2000 in Beidaihe. During the interview, the two discussed sensitive topics including the Falun Gong and Tiananmen protests. The interview reportedly was one of the longest ever between an American journalist and a Chinese head of state (watch here).

A study by Kecheng Fang (2020) about ‘China’s toad worship culture’ suggests that for many online fans of Jiang, the cult around him is apolitical, playful, and part of a shared digital cultural tradition.

For some, however, it does hold some political meaning to ‘worship’ Jiang, who only became a popular online meme around 2014, after Xi Jinping took power as a conservative strongman who is not as emotionally expressive. Fang describes how one meme creator said: “We couldn’t express our criticism through normal channels, so we turned to other indrect ways, including lauding Jiang’s personality and characteristics in various ways” (2020, 45).

Although Jiang became popular among younger Chinese on online platforms over the past decade, he was not necessarily that popular at the time of his leadership, and opinions vary on the legacy he leaves behind. Jiang continuously pushed for reform and opening-up after Deng Xiaoping’s rule.

As summarized by Foreign Policy, Jiang oversaw two crucial transitions that shaped and improved the lives of the people of China: “First, he peacefully guided his country out of the shadow of China’s founding revolutionaries, who had spent decades purging one another and at times caused great pain and sorrow for everyone else. Second, although hesitant at first, Jiang came to embrace the market economy.”

As various places across China have seen unrest and protests over the past few days, the announcement of Jiang’s death comes at a sensitive time.

Many on Chinese social media are burning virtual candles in memory of Jiang Zemin today. “I will fondly recall your style and manners,” some say.

By Manya Koetse , with contributions by Miranda Barnes

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References:

Fang, Kecheng. 2020. “Turning a communist party leader into an internet meme: the political and apolitical aspects of China’s toad worship culture.” Information, Communication & Society, 23 (1): 38-58.

Sullivan, Lawrence R. 2012. Historical Dictionary of the Chinese Communist Party. Lanham: The Scarecrow Press. See page: 3-43, 208.

 

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