Connect with us

China Insight

China Now Has 33,5 Million More Men Than Women

China’s latest population data reveal that despite the implementation of the ‘two child policy’, the gender imbalance is a continuing social problem.

Published

on

China’s latest population data reveal that despite the implementation of the ‘two child policy’, the gender imbalance is a continuing social problem.

According to an article issued by national broadcaster CCTV and the Global Times on January 22, the Chinese state now explicitly encourages married couples to have two children.

Recently, the National Bureau of Statistics published a report with new statistics that show the results of China’s shift from its one-child policy (独生子女政策) to the ‘two-child policy’ (二孩政策), that was implemented in late October of 2015.

 

“At the peak of the disparity in girls and boys births in 2004, 121.2 boys were born for every 100 girls.”

 

Data shows that in 2016, a total of 17.86 million children were born; a mere increase of 1.31 million childbirths compared to 2015.

The total population of mainland China (excluding Hong Kong, Macao, and Taiwan) was estimated at 1.38 billion in late 2016, which marks an increase of 8 million people compared to the year before.

Over 16% (230.8 million) of China’s population is now aged 60 or older. The working age population (16-60 years) is 907.47 million, accounting for 65.6% of the total population.

The data also shows China’s rapid urbanization: the rural population has decreased with 13.7 million people. Currently, almost 793 million people in China live in urban areas, with less than 590 million people residing in China’s rural areas.

Looking at the gender proportionality, China’s male population is currently 708.15 million, with a female population of 674.56 million. This marks China’s problem with gender imbalance, as there are now 33.5 million more men than women.

The article states that China’s current male-female ratio is 104.98 (for every 100 women). In countries such as the UK, the ratio of boys to girl births was 105.3 to 100 in the 2010-2014 period.

But China has seen some extreme imbalanced gender ratios in births since the implementation of the One Child Policy in 1979, which has resulted in a specific disparity in men and women of marrying age. This imbalance has partly been caused by sex-selective abortions.

At the peak of the disparity in girls and boys births in 2004, 121.2 boys were born for every 100 girls (see Larson 2014). The recent CCTV article does not give the gender ratio of births in 2016.

 

“I have three daughters, I made my contribution to society.”

 

On Weibo, the publication of the latest data triggered discussions on China’s gender imbalance.

Some netizens do not think it is a reason for concern: “We don’t need to worry about those 30 million,” one person wrote: “Men can also be together.” Others agree, saying: “Should this not be a reason for us to legalize gay marriage?”

But some find the statistics confusing and too vague: “We need to know the gender ratio of men and women below the age of 30,” they say. “With these numbers, how can so many women still be single?”, others wonder.

Despite the fact that many men in China of marrying age find it hard to find a bride due to the gender imbalance (see: China’s Leftover Men), many women, often referred to as ‘leftover women‘, also struggle to find a suitable partner.

The problem in gender disparity and the struggle to find a partner can partly be explained by the difference in gender ratios between the cities and the countryside, as there are more unmarried women in urbanized areas, while there are more unmarried men in rural areas (see our ‘read more’ articles).

“How am I ever going to find a woman to marry?” some male netizens ask.

There are also people criticizing the official promotion for married couples to have two children: “The family planning [bureau] should have abandoned [the one child policy] long before. Now the problem is not whether we have enough food to eat, but that we are dealing with an aging society. What is the hope of a country without young people?”

“I already made my contribution to society,” one female commenter says: “I’ve had 3 girls. I was pregnant twice, and the second time I had twin girls.” Other netizens applaud the woman. “You must be pretty happy now,” they say.

– By Manya Koetse
Follow on Twitter or Like on Facebook

Featured image: “Boys and girls are equally good; girls are also the next generation.”.

©2016 Whatsonweibo. All rights reserved. Do not reproduce our content without permission – you can contact us at info@whatsonweibo.com

Manya Koetse is the founder and editor-in-chief of whatsonweibo.com. She is a writer, public speaker, and researcher (Sinologist, MPhil) on social trends, digital developments, and new media in an ever-changing China, with a focus on Chinese society, pop culture, and gender issues. She shares her love for hotpot on hotpotambassador.com. Contact at manya@whatsonweibo.com, or follow on Twitter.

Continue Reading
Click to comment

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

China and Covid19

‘Hard Isolation’ is Shanghai’s New Word of the Day

In line with a new ‘hard isolation’ measure, the entrances of some Shanghai residential buildings were fenced up.

Published

on

While some Shanghai households have already endured weeks of isolation, a new word was added to their epidemic vocabulary today: ‘hard isolation’ or ‘strong quarantine’ (yìng gélí 硬隔离)

The word popped up on Chinese social media on April 23rd after some Shanghai netizens posted photos of fences being set up around their community building to keep residents from walking out.

“New word: hard isolation. Shanghai is rotten to the core,” one commenter wrote.

The word soon turned into a hashtag page where people started commenting on the issue of fences being placed around residential buildings, voicing concerns on what a fence around buildings would mean for fire safety, especially after online rumors suggested that there had been a fire at one community in Pudong on Saturday night.

An official document regarding the ‘hard isolation’ measure was also shared online on Saturday. It is dated April 23, 2022, and its source is the Pudong New Area Office for Epidemic Control.

The document states that in line with the guidelines for the city’s epidemic prevention and control, the division between areas or zones that are in certain risk categories should be ‘optimized,’ with those in the high-risk category requiring a ‘hard isolation.’ Security guards should also be on duty 24 hours a day at the entrance of the buildings.

Earlier this month, Shanghai adopted “3-level control measures” after its initial phased lockdown. It means that local areas will be classified as “locked-down,” “controlled” or “precautionary,” based on their Covid19 risk.

“Could we also put fences around the homes of Shanghai leaders?”, one person suggested, while others posted images from the Walking Dead to mock the situation.

In the hope of Shanghai soon tackling the Covid situation, not everybody disagreed with the decision to fence some buildings or communities in the Pudong area: “I don’t disagree with it, as long as there is always someone there to open the fence in case of fire,” one person stated.

Although having a fence around their building is currently not a reality for most in Shanghai, the online photos of some communities seeing their buildings being fenced up is a reason to worry for some: “It’s been 40 days, and now they start hard isolation? This actually scares me. Before we know it, it’s June.”

One Weibo user asked: “Why is it possible to implement this hard isolation now? Was this created by the same persons who also implemented the rule to separate children from parents at isolation sites?”

“I truly can’t imagine why some people thought this is a good idea,” others wrote.

For more articles on the Covid-19 topics on Chinese social media, check here.

By Manya Koetse

Get the story behind the hashtag. Subscribe to What’s on Weibo here to receive our weekly newsletter and get access to our latest articles:

Spotted a mistake or want to add something? Please let us know in comments below or email us. First-time commenters, please be patient – we will have to manually approve your comment before it appears.

©2022 Whatsonweibo. All rights reserved. Do not reproduce our content without permission – you can contact us at info@whatsonweibo.com.

Continue Reading

China and Covid19

‘Voices of April’: The Day After

“The best way to make videos go viral is by censoring them.”

Published

on

On April 23, a day after the video ‘Voices of April’ briefly took over social media before it was censored, the trending topic of the day is a hashtag related to new Covid cases reported in Shanghai.

Shanghai reported higher Covid-19 cases and deaths on Friday than the five days prior, which showed a daily decline in new cases. Shanghai reported a total of 23,370 new cases (including 20,634 asymptomatic ones), the municipal health commission said Saturday. A related hashtag by Xinhua News received over 910 million views on Weibo on Saturday (#上海新增本土确诊2736例无症状20634例#).

Although the hashtag was initiated by state media to inform about the Shanghai Covid situation, netizens started using it to criticize Shanghai’s handling of the crisis, with more commenters questioning China’s zero-Covid strategy. Similarly, other state media-initiated hashtag places also became online spaces where Weibo users vented their frustrations earlier this month.

Besides the ongoing online criticism and vocal disagreement with China’s Covid handling and policies, there are also many who express shock at the recent crackdown of any form of protest or criticism regarding the situation in Shanghai.

“‘Voices of April’ has been shutdown all over the internet, I’m simply dumbfounded,” one person said about the popular video that contained real recordings of events that happened during the city’s lockdown.

“If you still can find the video anywhere, forward it,” another person writes.

Besides Voices of April (四月之声), there have also been other videos over the past week that are meant to expose the mishandling of the Covid situation in Shanghai.

One of them is titled Farewell, Language (再见语言), another one is Shanghai Late Spring (上海晚春).

Farewell, Language (再见语言) is a 42-second sound art video by artist Yang Xiao (杨潇), who used over 600 commonly used propaganda phrases from Chinese official channels and randomly broadcasted the audio in the community where he lives.

The anti-epidemic workers just continue their work and do not seem to notice anything out of the ordinary at all. The video shows how this kind of language has been so normalized that for most, it has just become background noise in their everyday life – without even noticing nor critically assessing its meaning or logic anymore.

The Shanghai Late Spring (上海晚春) video is a compilation of video footage from the Shanghai lockdown, showing people struggling to get food, violent altercations between anti-epidemic workers and residents, people living in deplorable conditions in quarantine centers, and more (link to video).

The video uses the song Cheer Up London by Slaves, its chorus being:

You’re dead, already, dead, dead, already-ready
Dead, already, dead, dead, already-ready
Dead, already, dead, dead, already-ready
Dead, already, dead
.”

One Weibo commenter responded to the video in English, using a text from Les Misérables: “Do you hear the people sing / Singing the song of angry men / It is the music of a people / Who will not be slaves again!” The phrase “do you hear the people sing” was also used by other social media users to address the situation in Shanghai and the censorship of related topics.

“The best way to make videos go viral is by censoring them,” one commenter replied.

Read our previous article about ‘Voices of April’ here.

For more articles on the Covid-19 topics on Chinese social media, check here.

By Manya Koetse, with contributions by Miranda Barnes

Get the story behind the hashtag. Subscribe to What’s on Weibo here to receive our weekly newsletter and get access to our latest articles:

Spotted a mistake or want to add something? Please let us know in comments below or email us. First-time commenters, please be patient – we will have to manually approve your comment before it appears.

©2022 Whatsonweibo. All rights reserved. Do not reproduce our content without permission – you can contact us at info@whatsonweibo.com.

Continue Reading
Advertisement
Advertisement

Facebook

Contribute

Got any tips? Or want to become a contributor or intern at What's on Weibo? Email us as at info@whatsonweibo.com.
Advertisement

Become a member

Get the story behind the hashtag. Subscribe to What's on Weibo here to receive our weekly newsletter and get access to our latest articles.    

Support What’s on Weibo

What's on Weibo is 100% independent. Will you support us? Your support means we can remain independent and keep reporting on the latest China trends. Every contribution, however big or small, powers our website. Support us from as little as $1 here.

Popular Reads