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What if Mama Has a New Baby? – A New Question Facing Chinese Kids

China has introduced its ‘two child policy’ in the fall of last year. Now that young couples have the option to have a second child, China’s young generations face a question that their parents did not face: what if mum has another baby? One company’s marketing campaign stirred a public debate on the issue.




In October 2015, China introduced its new ‘two child policy‘, marking the end of China’s three-decade-long one-child policy. Now that young couples have the option to have a second child, China’s young generations face a question that their parents did not face: what if mum has another baby? One company’s marketing campaign has stirred an online public debate on the issue.

China’s ‘two-child policy‘, that was announced last autumn and went into effect on January 1st of this year, has triggered heated discussions about its demographic, economic, social, familial and personal implications. In 2011, it was already allowed for couples to have a second child if they were both an only child. In 2013, the policy was extended towards couples of whom one is an only child. The 2015 policy was the final step that brought the one-child-policy era to an end.

What does the new policy mean for children whose parents are planning to have a second baby? A video on Sina Weibo addresses this question, and has attracted more than 20 million views under the hashtag #a message to moms pregnant with a second baby (二胎妈妈被告白).


In the video, kids are asked what they think of having a younger brother or sister. Most kids do not seem to embrace the prospect too heartily: one girl says that her mom won’t love her anymore, and another child is doubtful of whether his mom is able to give birth to “so many kids”. Afterwards, the kids are told that their moms are indeed pregnant. Hearing the news, the kids express their disbelief. Some look really sad and try to hold the emotion back; one boy is even in tears. But at the end of the video, all kids eventually say they will love their moms all the same, if not even more, for her pregnancy.


Some Weibo users express sympathy towards the disappointment and anxiety of the kids. One comment writes: “Even though parents love [their children] equally, their time and energy will still be divided into two. The first kid has enjoyed the full time and attention of the parents, and will surely feel disappointed when another kid suddenly comes”. Another comment reads: “I didn’t want a sibling when I was a kid, so I will not force it on my kid; we are all selfish.”

Advocates of having a second child argue that siblings are an advantage when growing up. When deciding to have another baby, they say, parents should communicate with their child and respect the child’s opinion.

There are also comments pointing out that discussions about siblings are actually somewhat absurd, since having a baby, as getting a sibling, is nothing but natural. It has only become “unnatural” and requires getting used to because of China’s three-decade-long one-child policy. Today’s children were born to parents who are strange to the idea of growing up with brothers and sisters, and who are used to full attention from parents. They were also born into a society influenced and shaped by its participants’ solitary process of growing up. It is within such social context that having siblings has become a point of discussion. In other words; the children in the video are only asked about their feelings about mum having another baby because the idea of having a brother or sister is so unfamiliar for their parents’ generation.

It yet remains to be seen whether or not the two-child policy will alleviate the problematic phenomenon of China’s “little princess” and “little emperors”. It will take another decade before the policy’s impact can be fruitfully discussed.

Although the video has generated much discussion, it was actually not meant to stir public debate – it was actually a commercial campaign by Shenzhou Zuche (神州租车), the biggest car-renting company in China (leasing and chauffeured). On March 16, Shenzhou and China’s Committee of Road Traffic Safety published a new regulation concerning safety issues in car-renting services for pregnant women.

According to China Economics, the number of pregnant women in 2016 is estimated to be 280 million. This ‘baby boom‘ is caused by two things; the introduction of the two-child policy and the Year of the Monkey, which is considered a good year to have a baby. Shenzhou therefore developed new rental services for pregnant women who are extra “vulnerable on the road”, according to Shenzhou CEO Wang Peiqiang (王培强). Cars with higher performance and comfort will be provided to pregnant women, with vomiting bags, pillows and prenatal education CDs. Shenzhou’s drivers are specially trained for basic medical aid, and the driving speed is restricted to under 60km/h.

– By Diandian Guo

Image caption reads: “finally there will be someone I can play with!”

©2016 Whatsonweibo. All rights reserved. Do not reproduce our content without permission – you can contact us at


Diandian Guo is a China-born Master student of transdisciplinary and global society, politics & culture at the University of Groningen with a special interest for new media in China. She has a BA in International Relations from Beijing Foreign Language University, and is specialized in China's cultural memory.

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China Insight

Exchange Student to Be Deported from China for Harassing Young Woman at University

An exchange student studying at the Hebei University of Engineering has been expelled and will soon be deported after harassing a female student.

Manya Koetse



An exchange student from Pakistan who was studying at the Hebei University of Engineering (河北工程大学) has been expelled and detained after harassing a female student at the same university.

The incident, that is attracting much attention on Chinese social media this week, adds to the wave of recent controversies over the behavior and status of overseas students in mainland China.

On July 31, a female student at the Hebei university filed a police report against a Pakistani student who allegedly harassed her and attempted to forcefully kiss her and touch her breasts.

Screenshots of a supposed WeChat conversation between the exchange student and the female student, in which the man apologizes and claims the interaction is a “requirement for friendship,” are being shared on social media.

According to various reports, the police initially tried to mediate between the two students, which the female student refused.

Together with the school principal, the police then further investigated the case and found ample evidence of harassment after examining the university’s surveillance system.

On August 1st, the Hebei University of Engineering announced that they had expelled the student and that he will be deported from China. The announcement received more than 14,000 reactions and 150,000 ‘likes’ on Weibo.

The student is now detained at the local Public Security Bureau and is awaiting his deportation.

A photo of two officers together with a man in front of the detention center in Handan is circulating on social media in relation to this incident.

At time of writing, the hashtag page “Exchange Student to Be Deported after Molesting Female Student” (#留学生猥亵女学生将被遣送出境#) has been viewed over 310 million times on Weibo.

Among thousands of reactions, there are many who praise the Hebei university for supporting the female student after she reported the exchange student to the police.

“This may not be the best university, but at least they stand behind their students!”, some say, with others calling the university “awesome.”

Many say that the Hebei university should serve as an example for other Chinese universities to follow, with Shandong University being specifically mentioned by Weibo users.

Shandong University was widely criticized earlier this summer for its “buddy exchange program,” which was accused of being a way to arrange Chinese “girlfriends” for male foreign students.

Another incident that is mentioned in relation to this trending story is that of an exchange student who displayed aggressive behavior towards a Chinese police officer in July of this year. The student was not punished for his actions, which sparked anger on Chinese social media.

By Manya Koetse

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China Insight

“Bolt from the Blue”: Mainland Tourists Can No Longer Independently Travel to Taiwan

Chinese tourists who were planning a solo trip to Taiwan are out of luck.

Manya Koetse



Starting from August 1st, 2019, mainland residents can no longer individually travel to Taiwan for tourism purposes, and can only visit the island with a pre-approved travel group until further notice. The news has become top trending on Chinese social media.

After Chinese authorities announced on July 31st that China will stop issuing individual travel permits for mainland residents visiting Taiwan, the topic became one of the most-discussed topics on social media this week.

China’s Ministry of Culture and Tourism stated on its website that independent travel to Taiwan will be suspended from August 1st “in view of the current cross-strait situation.”

The brief statement announcing the ban.

State media outlet Global Times writes that the individual travel suspension is a result of “repeated provocative actions by the Tsai Ing-wen administration and secessionist forces on the island.”

Taipei Times explained the move as “another attempt to isolate Taiwan in the hope of spoiling President Tsai Ing-wen’s re-election chances.” Taiwan will hold its presidential elections in January 2020.

On Wednesday night local time, hashtags relating to the individual travel ban had gathered millions of views and comments on Sina Weibo.


ROC Restrictions for Mainland Travelers


Tourists from mainland China face restrictions when traveling to Taiwan, Republic of China (ROC), and must hold a travel permit to visit.

In July of 2008, PRC passport holders were first legally allowed to visit Taiwan for tourism purposes, but only if they joined a pre-approved group tour organized by a selected travel agency.

In 2011, these rules were relaxed after Taiwanese and mainland authorities agreed on a trial to allow mainland residents visiting Taiwan as individual tourists.

Under the terms of that ‘trial,’ mainland residents from 47 cities could apply for individual entry permits to Taiwan. These cities included places such as Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai, Harbin, Xiamen, and others.

With Wednesday’s statement, that program is currently put on hold. According to Focus Taiwan, this is the first time Beijing authorities have banned individual travelers from visiting Taiwan since June 2011.

Mainland tourists who want to visit Taiwan will now have to go back to joining tour groups again.

The Taiwanese tourism industry relies heavily on Chinese tourists. In 2015, the year before Taiwan President Tsai Ing-wen was elected, 4.2 million mainlanders visited the island, making up 40 percent of all tourists.


“A Bolt From the Blue”


On Weibo, the “Taiwan Individual Travel” account, an information channel for tourists, called the ban “a bolt from the blue” and said that it is unclear how long the restrictions will last: “We just hope that it is temporary.”

The post received over 11,500 comments from netizens, many of whom are confused about the ban and concerned on how it will affect their personal travel plans.

“I already received my permit, can I still go?” many wondered.

According to the China International Travel Service, mainland travelers with permits issued before August 1st can still go on their planned individual trips.

In a Weibo poll answered by more than 210,000 social media users, state media outlet China Daily asked people if they would still consider visiting Taiwan after the restrictions on individual travel permits.

The China Daily poll.

While more than 10 percent indicated they would be willing to join a tour group and still visit, a staggering 89,5 percent indicated they preferred free traveling and would not go at all.

“I will go once [the mainland and Taiwan are] unified,” some popular comments said.

Discussions over the ongoing Taiwan Strait Issue often flare up on Chinese social media. In August of 2018 for example, Taipei-born actress Vivian Sung ignited a storm of criticism on Weibo for a comment she made about Taiwan being her “favorite country.”

Last November, Taipei’s Golden Horse Film Festival was overclouded by controversy due to a speech about Taiwan independence (read here). Chinese state media responded to the issue by promoting the hashtags “China Can’t Become Smaller” and “Not Even a Bit Can Be Removed from China” (#中国一点都不能少#).

“Not Even a Bit Can Be Removed from China” propaganda images spread by People’s Daily.

Earlier this year, many Chinese netizens were furious to discover that the super popular Taiwanese online game Devotion contained secret insults toward President Xi Jinping.

Although big discussions on the current Taiwan travel ban are filtered on Chinese social media, there are still some smaller threads where Weibo users are speculating about the reasons behind the move.

Some blame Taiwan leader Tsai Ing-wen, and see the latest travel measures as a way for Beijing to economically impact the island’s tourism industry to influence upcoming elections.

Others argue that the current ban is more of a “protective measure,” to make sure Chinese travelers who individually roam Taiwan will not be influenced by its election campaigns and media.

Then there are also those who think the entire issue is all about the ongoing Hong Kong protests.

Responses are overall very mixed. Although there are netizens supporting the solo travel ban, there are also those who think the measure will have an ‘opposite effect’ of that desired.

Although Weibo is mostly popular in mainland China, the social media platform is also used by Taiwanese netizens.

“I heard many of our Taiwanese online friends are happy to hear the news [about the travel restrictions]. Finally, this is something that cross-strait netizens can agree on!” one popular Beijing blogger (@地瓜熊老六) writes, sharing an online meme that shows Taiwanese scenery with the line ‘Welcome to Taiwan, without Chinese.’

Still, there are also many Weibo users who want to visit Taiwan by themselves and are just concerned about the practicalities: “So, when do you think I will be able to visit again?”

“I was just preparing to go and visit Taiwan,” one commenter writes, posting a crying emoji: “Nevertheless, I will still support China in this.”

By Manya Koetse , with contributions from Miranda Barnes

Featured image: Photo by Vernon Raineil Cenzon

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